Solar intertie photovoltaic (PV) systems are not as complex, and its primary function is to gather sunlight and transform it into electricity. The DC signals are received by an inverter that is converted into AC power that can be used at home. Solar home system is a web of switch boxes that are included for safety reasons. The whole mechanism is connected via complex wires and channels.
The power is generated by the solar system that is connected to the main fuse box of your home’s grid system. Mostly, most customers install this straightforward system on their roofs to utilize solar power. The resultant electricity costs much less in the long run, turning out to be the best return on investment. However, if you are not pressed for budget, then you can install a fancy version of the solar home system.
Many people consider adding a skirt adjoining the solar panels to hide the framework of the solar home system and improve the aesthetic appeal of their homes. However, this option not only costs more but also impacts the performance of the panels as the skirting interferes with the cool breeze and makes them work at a much hotter temperature. This is the reason experts recommend sticking with field-tested equipment that is simpler, cost-effective, and also achieves the best results.
Here are the main components of a basic solar home system:
- Panels: Photovoltaic panels, also known as PV, are the only biggest expense when installing a solar system on your roof. Their placement, as well as mounting, is responsible for the effective performance of the system more than any other component.
- DC to AC Inverters: Inverters collect low voltage and high current signals from the PV panels and convert them into grid-friendly power of 120 VAC. Since low-cost inverters can hamper the performance of your solar system, it is crucial to maintain their quality.
- Mounting Hardware: The mounting of your PV panels must be done correctly to get the most of your solar system. First of all, you need to mount them where you are likely to get the maximum sunshine exposure in a year. The more complicated part is to position them at a place where they can stay put for at least 25 years!
- Tracking Mounts: These mounts are designed in such a way that they move the panels throughout the day to face the sun all the time directly. While single-axis trackers only correspond with the azimuth, the dual-axis trackers alter the azimuth and the elevation.
- Utility Power Meters: Prevailing power meters can only spin backward. However, utility companies usually modify it to a special digital meter when you connect to the grid because most solar power users prefer time-of-use rates, which requires an intelligent system for processing as compared to a mechanical one.
- Disconnect Switches: these are highly important because they need to be mounted within an accessible reach. It would help if you informed every member of your family how to disconnect the PV system for safety reasons. If you notice abnormal behavior in the functioning of your home’s electrical system, then you would be required to turn off the system.
- Wiring and Fuse Box: Wiring, connections, and channels to your main fuse box will attract some minor hardware expenses, but they are the most critical and highly laborious task in installing your solar system.
Installing a solar home system is a highly technical task that must only be performed by trained professionals. Be sure to find a reliable company that can help you with this task to get the most out of your solar panels and investment.