Everyone has digestive problems from time to time. From embarrassing gas to uncomfortable heartburns, these problems can make day-to-day functioning a little difficult. But there is good news. Most of the common digestive problems have simple solutions. Here are some common digestive problems and how you can deal with them.
Gas & Bloating
Gas and Bloating are one of the most common gastroenterology problems. What one needs to know is that gas is a normal part of digestion. Any air that is present in the digestive tract is either released as a burp or as flatulence. Gas is created when air is swallowed along with food or drink, it is also a by-product created by the breakdown of food, andthere are some foods that can cause more gas than others.Bloating happens when gas builds up in your stomach and intestines. Bloating can cause a feeling of fullness.
Likely Causes of Gas and Bloating
- A stomach infection
- Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
- Celiac disease
How to Reduce Gas and Bloating
A change in diet and lifestyle can make a big difference and help reduce gas and bloating. Here is what can be done:
- Reduce intake of fatty foods
- Avoid carbonated drinks
- Eat slowly
- Quit smoking
- Exercise more
- Avoid gas causing food
If your condition does not get better,then it is advisable that you consult a gastroenterology doctor.
Heartburn, also known as acid indigestion, is a burning feeling in the middle of the chest or the upper part of the stomach. This painful feeling can last from just a few minutes to a few hours and can spread to the neck, jaw, or arms as well.
Causes of Heartburn
A muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter acts as a gate to your stomach. This muscle allows food to move from the esophagus to the stomach and then shuts to stop the stomach’s acid and food from coming back up. When the lower esophageal sphincter opens too frequently or isn’t shutting too tight, the stomach acid can rise into the esophagus and cause the burning feeling.
Heartburn can be triggered by the following:
- Eating Spicy, fatty, or greasy food
- Lying down immediately after eating
How to Avoid Heartburn?
Here is how you can avoid heartburn:
- Lose weight – Extra weight puts pressure on your stomach, which forces more acid up into the esophagus.
- Wear loose clothes – Tight clothes press on your stomach and this can cause heartburn.
- Quit Smoking – Cigarettes relax the muscles that stop the acid from moving into the esophagus, leading to heartburn.
- Check your medication – Regular use of certain anti-inflammatory and pain medicines can trigger heartburn.
An important thing to keep in mind is that if you are having heartburn frequently, at least twice a week for some weeks, you may have a long-term condition called Gastro-Esophageal Reflux Disease or GERD. So, if you have heartburn that interferes with daily life, it is advisable that you seek consultation with a gastroenterology specialist.
Normal bowel movements differ from person to person, but if you are straining to go to the bathroom, chances are that you are constipated. Occasional constipation is common, but if you have less than three bowel movements in a week, it is advisable that you see your doctor.
Causes of Constipation
Here are some common causes of constipation:
- Not drinking enough water
- Eating a diet that is low in fiber
- Traveling or a change in your routine
- Little exercise
- Taking medicines, such as antidepressants, antihistamines, and some pain medications
- Medical conditions, including cancer, diabetes, IBS, and hypothyroidism
- Blockages in the large intestine
How to Prevent Constipation
- Drink plenty of water
- Drink herbal tea or warm tea in the morning
- Eat a diet that is rich in fiber
- Eat more fruits and vegetables
- Exercise often
If you are losing weight due to constipation, you should seek medical consultation with a gastroenterologist in Gurgaon, Noida, or the city you live in.
Whatever the digestive problem you may have, if it lasts for a long time and is interfering with your normal day-to-day to life, it is advisable that you call your doctor or gastroenterology specialist. While most of the time these conditions are not serious they can often point towards some other serious medical conditions.