Fracture is the most common injury that occurs during traumatic events and it could happen due to both high and low energy traumas.
A fracture is nothing but a medical condition in which a bone gets broken either due to trauma or bone-related conditions. It is noticed that the most common cause of fracture is high impact or stress. When it comes to bone-related conditions, a fracture could occur in people with weak bones due to cancer, osteoporosis, osteogenesis, and other conditions that weaken the bones. If the fracture happens due to disease, that condition is known as a pathological fracture.
The treatment of fractures is carried out either with surgery or without it. In case of surgery, orthopedic implants like Titanium Orthopedic Screws, IM Nails, or Supracondylar Nailing System may be used.
Who are at High Risk for Fractures?
Fractures can occur to people of any age group. In adults, the chances of having fractures are high due to high-energy trauma like automobile accidents, falling from a height, sports injuries, or other unexpected events. While on the other hand, the elderly can get fractures even due to low-impact injuries like falling in a bathroom or falling from a bed. Besides all this, below-mentioned are the risk factors that could lead to fracture:
- Elderly people
- People having osteoporosis
- People with endocrine or intestinal disorders
- Physically inactive people
- People taking corticosteroids for a long time
- People who smoke and drink alcohol
What are the Different Types of Fractures?
If we talk about the broader classification of different types of fractures, then they can be classified as:
- Open Fracture
- Closed Fracture
- Complete Fracture
- Incomplete Fracture
These are the serious injuries that are generally caused due to high-energy trauma. In the case of open fractures, the broken penetrates the skin involving damage to surrounding tissues.
This is one of the most common types of fractures that are seen. In these fractures, the broken bone does not penetrate the skin and is known to be less serious than open fractures.
A complete fracture is a condition where the bone breaks into two separate pieces. The best example of complete fracture could be comminuted fractures in which bone gets broken into multiple pieces.
This is the condition where the fractured bone does not break into two or more pieces. In this type of fracture, the bone will crack but not get separated. The hairline fracture could be the best example of an incomplete fracture.
What are the Symptoms Associated with Fractures?
Different types of symptoms could be seen depending upon the severity and location of the fracture. While some of the most common symptoms that may be associated with all fractures include:
- Pain at the site of injury
- Swelling, redness, or bruising around the fracture
- Inability to bear weight on the injured side
- Deformity around the fracture site
Surgical and non-surgical treatment is provided in case of fracture and that depends upon the seriousness of the condition. For non-operative treatment, a sling, cast, or brace may be applied. While on the other hand, surgery is often done with the application of orthopedic implants.
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