Infertility in Women: A Guide to the Basics


Dealing with infertility is not easy. If you have been trying to get pregnant for a while (a year or more) with no success, you need to check with a doctor to find the possible causes. A complete evaluation can help understand the root cause of infertility, and depending on the results, your doctor will determine a line of treatment. Infertility affects more than 6 million women in the United States, and therefore, you are not alone. If you are in Houston, check for top fertility specialists like Mina K. Sinacori, MD, MPH, FACOG for advice and counseling. In this post, we are discussing some of the key aspects for your help. 

Understanding infertility

Infertility is when a woman cannot have a baby after trying for a considerable time. Some women often get pregnant but suffer miscarriages soon after. These are typical cases of infertility, and the causes can vary. Infertility could result from conditions such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or endometriosis. Just because you are not getting pregnant doesn’t always mean you have a problem. If your partner has a low sperm count or the sperm quality is poor, you may have difficulty getting pregnant. A good doctor will order diagnostic tests for both partners to rule out the possible causes. 

What is infertility evaluation?

When you meet a doctor for the first time, a complete exam finds various aspects and determines your conditions. Your medical history, sexual life, and other aspects will matter, and your doctor will also do a pelvic exam. An ultrasound test may be necessary to find other factors that may impact your chances of getting pregnant. There is no pain in infertility evaluation, and you can expect to receive your bloodwork reports within a week at the max. 

How is infertility treated?

Infertility treatment depends on the underlying causes. For instance, your doctor may initially suggest timing your intercourse by tracking ovulation to increase your chances of getting pregnant. In some cases, medications may help in regulating ovulation. Advanced treatments may be necessary at some point, and your doctor may consider intrauterine insemination as one of the first options. In intrauterine insemination, the semen is injected into the uterus at the right time. If other treatments don’t work, your doctor may recommend in-vitro fertilization (IVF), which is a more invasive procedure and requires more time. 

Check with an experienced doctor in Houston to discuss your infertility concerns. 


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