It is a condition of the skin that causes inflammation, redness, and dryness. The condition is usually diagnosed in childhood. Once a child is diagnosed, the chances are that he or she will have to experience the illness throughout childhood and adulthood. On the other hand, if diagnosed earlier, most children outgrow the condition by the time they reach their teenage years. However, it is possible that it can occur for the first time in adults as well. it is important to take care of your health by visiting the dermatologist regularly.

Causes

Atopic dermatitis is related to the variation of a gene that can impact the ability of the skin to protect from bacteria. Healthy skin can protect itself from bacteria because of its ability to retain moisture. It is not the case with atopic dermatitis. Therefore, lack of ability to retain moisture leaves the skin prone to allergens, irritants, and other environmental agents. Other times, the condition is caused by food allergies. Defects in the skin barrier that allows moisture and germs in and out of the skin, also cause atopic dermatitis.

The following medical conditions can also lead to atopic dermatitis flare-ups;

•           Asthma

•           Neurodermatitis

•           Hay fever

•           Skin infections

•           Insomnia and skin problems

•           Allergic contact dermatitis

Symptoms

•           Severe itching at all times of the day especially at night

•           It is signified by dryness of the skin

•           It causes scaly patches on the skin that are mostly red or brownish grey

•           The thickness of the skin

•           Cracking of the skin

•           Rawness and sensitivity of the skin

•           Swollen skin

Eczema Flare-ups in Winter

Also known as atopic dermatitis, this skin condition is common in the winter. It is because the air in winter is drier than during other seasons. For this reason, the skin is not able to contain its natural moisture. It is the same reason why atomic dermatitis flares up when one wears too many articles of clothing, covers up a lot in the night and takes hot baths too often. In this write-up, we provide you with tips and a guide to coping with atopic dermatitis in the winter.

Tips/Guide for Reducing Winter Flareups

1. Watch your Diet

One of the triggers of this skin condition is food allergies. Therefore, if you suffer from this condition, it would be wise to find out the type of food that you are allergic to. Also, consider a vegan diet. According to Sond Skin, a skincare website in the UK, vegetarian meals like green teas are the perfect organic skincare regimen. Sond also recommends vegan meals because they are rich in nutrients. However, if the vegetarian meals are of GMOs. GMOs. are known to cause harm to the skin and general wellness of the body.

Sond Skin also suggests taking Vitamin D supplements to reduce atopic dermatitis flare-ups. According to sond, the skin can create Vitamin D naturally during exposure to sunlight. However, in seasons when the sun is not hot enough like winter, taking these supplements comes in handy.

Suitable Foods for Atopic Dermatitis

The following foods are highly recommended for atopic dermatitis;

•  Fatty Fish- Fish is a natural source for omega-3 fatty acids. These elements help in the fight against inflammation in the body. Such fishes include salmon, sardines, and herring, to name a few

•  Foods rich in flavonoids- flavonoids are responsible for the fight against inflammation. Foods rich in this element include vegetables and fruits like apples and cherries.

•  Foods rich in probiotics- such foods include yoghurt. The function of probiotics is to help grow the immune system hence reduce flare-ups and reactions due to allergies.

Foods containing quercetin- quercetin is a type of flavonoid that is found naturally in plants. It works as a strong antioxidant and antihistamine. It also helps to get rid of eczema scars.

2. Hydrate Constantly

Maintaining constant body hydration helps to keep the skin hydrated as well. The medical society recommends at least eight glasses of water per day. In addition to promoting good health, water also keeps the skin moisturised. Taking tea, coffee, and other beverages would also come in handy.

Read More: What Makes The Sun Harmful To The Skin?

3. Constant Moisturising

Natural moisturiser is a popular product in the beauty and fashion industry. It can be used by people who are suffering from skin conditions as well as those who are perfectly healthy as a beauty tip. Skin that has atopic dermatitis requires a lot of moisturising. Natural moisturiser like green and black tea backs are always a good option. However, if you do not want to make or use natural moisturisers, you can always look for moisturising products in the fashion industry. Some of these products include petroleum jelly and lotions. Some lotions that are made with organic products like aloe vera are effective for treatment during the winter season. However, for painful and itchy flare-ups, creams packed with hydrocortisone or hydrocortisone acetate are a good option. If you suffer from such a skin condition, it is wise to use a moisturising agent at least once per day.

4. Use a Humidifier

Atopic dermatitis is mostly triggered by dryness of the skin. Therefore, a humidifier may come in handy, especially during winter. In winter, the air is mostly dry, hence the need for a humidifier, which adds moisture back into the air. You can always consider a portable humidifier that you can hook to your heating system. However, these devices can harbour harmful bacteria and fungi if they are not properly taken care of. To keep this from happening, make sure to change the water in the humidifier often and wash it at least every once in three days. Distilled water is also a food option as it helps keep the air clean hence promoting overall wellbeing.

5. Avoid Hot Baths

When the skin is exposed to sudden temperature changes, it often becomes dry and starts to feel itchy. It is the case in winter and when you take hot baths. It is, therefore, advisable to avoid abrupt temperature changes.

6. Consider Mild Skincare Products

In the winter, the skin tends to become more sensitive. Therefore, the use of certain products can be irritating. Such products include soaps and detergents that contain harsh chemicals or fragrances. Consider organic skincare or unscented products.

Read More: 6 Skin Conditions that can be cured by taking proboitcs

7. Avoid Certain Materials

Some fabrics like wool and nylon tend to cause skin irritation that can result in atopic dermatitis flare-ups. In winter, the most advisable type of material to wear is cotton. The main reason why this is so is that it is breathable. However, keep from wearing too many layers.

Conclusion It wouldn’t hurt to eat foods and use products that are manufactured using cruelty free methods. The term cruelty free means that no human or animal was hurt in the manufacturing process (physically or mentally). Also, avoid foods that contain allergens like dairy products. However, if you suffer from more severe atopic dermatitis, it is wise to visit a dermatologist or use prescribed medications like antihistamines and OTC. Treatments like phototherapy or light therapy would also come in handy. Natural remedies like organic supplements are also an option. The dermatologist’s association recommends such natural remedies like sunflower seed oil, coconut oil, acupuncture, or probiotics.

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