What Is Gestational Surrogacy? How Does It Work?

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Gestational surrogacy is commonly used in assisted reproductive technology (ART) in Newport Beach. It involves the use of a surrogate’s carrier eggs and uterus to bring a pregnancy to term. In this process, the intended mother or the “commissioning” parent provides her egg and, if she so chooses, her husband’s sperm. In Newport Beach gestational surrogacy, surrogates may also choose to use donor eggs instead of their own.

The fertilized embryo or embryos are then transferred into the surrogate’s uterus through an embryo transfer procedure. The first baby conceived via gestational surrogacy was born in 1986. As of 2009, it has become more popular than traditional surrogacy as more couples turn towards IVF treatments as a means for conceiving children. Success rates are also higher with gestational surrogacy than traditional surrogacy.

Surrogates can carry the child or children of herself and her partner, just herself and the intended father of the child, or herself and another person who is not a relative. They undergo extensive medical screenings before they are chosen to become carriers for embryos.

Typically this involves psychological screening and medical testing, including STD screenings, HIV tests, blood typing, genetic testing, blood pressure tests, urine analysis, breast exams, and pap smears. The surrogate may be required to have an amniocentesis or Chorionic Villus Sampling (CVS) test depending on whether she is carrying twins or multiples. There are no health risks associated with the process. 

Who Qualifies for Gestational Surrogacy? 

Several requirements must be met before an individual or couple can qualify for gestational surrogacy. The surrogate, the recipient(s), or partners’ ages will affect whether surrogacy is appropriate.

Generally, if someone is under 37, they may qualify for this type of procedure. However, it’s essential to check with your doctor before beginning the process because other factors will also come into play. A gestational carrier is required to be between 21-32 years of age with no history of diabetes, heart disease, or Lupus. The carrier must have a minimum of one successful pregnancy and carry the baby to term. She must also pass a psychological evaluation conducted by an independent mental health professional. In general terms, anyone aged 21 – 45 with excellent health, good mental health, and at least one child. 

However, most surrogates are between 25 – 35 years old and have already completed their families. In some cases, older women will be used as surrogates if there is a medical reason for not having children anymore.

Why Gestational Surrogacy Is so Popular

Gestational surrogacy eliminates many of the ethical issues present in other forms of Surrogate Motherhood (like Baby M.) by making it impossible for the surrogate to claim parental rights over the child. However, there are still some concerns that surround this type of motherhood. Some people worry that gestational surrogates may be exploited because they feel obligated to partake in such an arduous process. 

Gestational surrogacy is safe and a great way to have a baby. Speak with your fertility doctor if you have any concerns about your eligibility. 

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