Employment laws are a major thing these days. Employment laws take care of overtime pay, discrimination, harassment, family leave and other associated discrimination. To save the employer and the employee from practicing and suffering from these kind of workplace discrimination, the regulatory body has come up with these employment laws. If you’re assuming that only the employees are the one to benefit from this, you are seriously wrong. The employment laws are to help the employees but it doesn’t mean that it will be unfair with the employers. Employers can use these employment laws for their benefit in the same as employees can. But, to use these laws to the optimum level you must be aware of them. Employment laws cover a vast area, from the dismissal of employee contract to everything else related to it. Complying with the employment laws help to get better productivity of your workplace and keep your workforce happier.
I am sure most of you know it but for those who don’t, we will talk about different employment laws that are a must for you to know:
- Discrimination in employment procedure: Discrimination is bad irrespective of where it is practiced and the magnitude of discrimination. But if you get rejected based on your color, race, and ethnicity despite having all the qualification to be a good and productive employee, the action of rejection is pure workplace discrimination. The clause Titled VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 restricts any employer from practicing any kind of discrimination with a prospect or current employees based on their sex, orientation, national origin, race, and color while hiring, firing, and increment. In addition, this clause prohibits any kind of sexual harassment.
- Overtime/Minimum wage: Working for extra is fairly compensable by the employer in the form of extra per hour wage depending on their hourly wage. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) is the nation’s main wage law which ensure that every extra hour spent working should be equally paid off by the employer. FLSA also sets the minimum federal hourly wage for workers who work more than 40 hours a week and allows overtime payment in a workweek.
- Family leave: The worst time for any employee is when they need extended leave due to family emergency or childbirth but the company doesn’t allow it or the fear of losing the job hangs on the head. Well, according to The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) which says all eligible (Employees with a minimum of an year of service in their organization) are allowed to take extended family emergency leave upto a period of 12 weeks of unpaid leaves every year and his job will be protected. So, he/she can take care of the family without the fear of losing the job.
- Age Discrimination: As soon as an employee gets over 40, the employers start discriminating them thinking them to become unproductive with growing age. This kind of discrimination is bad, especially due to the age factor. But thanks to the employment act which says that no employer can discriminate based on the age to their elderly employees.
- Equal pay: According to the act of equal pay, no employer can pay female employees less than male employees for the same work which would require same effort and same skills.
Don’t let workplace discrimination grow and if you’ve suffered one, don’t wait and report it to the concerned authority.