What Is a 1098 Tax Form Used For?

Form 1098 is an IRS tax form used for mortgage interest, student loan interest, and donations of motor vehicles. These forms provide information for possible deductions or credits, such as the American Opportunity Credit and Lifetime Learning Credit.

Lenders are required to file Form 1098 when mortgage interest, points, and mortgage insurance premiums (MIP) are $600 or more during the year. However, they are not required to file if the mortgage is secured by real property and the loan amount is less than $600.

Mortgage Interest

If you are a homeowner and have paid more than $600 in mortgage interest in the past year, your lender will most likely complete Form 1098. This form will give you the information to report your mortgage interest to the IRS and claim a deduction.

Generally, mortgage interest includes any interest you receive on a principal residence or investment property. It also includes interest on a line of credit or credit card obligation that you received as part of the purchase or refinance of your primary residence.

When you receive 1098 from your lender, it will contain several boxes. Box 1 contains the total mortgage interest you have received for the year. It will also contain the number of points you have paid as well as the mortgage insurance premiums you have received.

The mortgage interest you have received in Box 1 and the points you have paid can be deducted from your federal income tax return. You can put these amounts in your Schedule A (Form 1040) on Line 8a, and you will need to verify that they meet the guidelines for these deductions.

You can also deduct prepaid mortgage interest as long as it is not paid out of pocket in a lump sum or for an extended period. This type of interest can be deducted from your income on Form 1040, Line 7c, but you must be a primary borrower.

If you do not deduct the mortgage interest you have paid on your taxes, the IRS may send you a penalty notice for failing to include it in your return. If you cannot pay the tax penalty, you can file an extension with the IRS to pay the taxes you owe.

You can also designate a qualified person to file your Form 1098 on your behalf. You can choose a trade or business under common control with the interest recipient, a designee named by the payer of record, or a qualified person involved in the original loan transaction and/or a subsequent purchaser of the loan.

Student Loan Interest

The IRS sends Form 1098-E to student loan borrowers who pay at least $600 in interest during the tax year. If you have more than one loan servicer, you will receive a separate 1098-E for each.

It’s important to review your 1098-E carefully because it can help you decide whether to claim the student loan interest deduction on your taxes. This deduction is available for federal loans and certain private education loans.

Two types of interest apply to student loans: fixed and variable. A fixed interest rate is fixed for the entire life of the loan. Variable interest rates fluctuate from month to month. These fluctuations make it difficult to predict what your monthly payment will be.

If your loan has a variable interest rate, you can use an online tool that will give you an estimate of what your monthly payments will be. You can also contact your lender for more information.

When students borrow a loan, they are often given the option of deferring their repayments until after graduation. However, if they defer their repayments, they should still be aware that they are accruing interest.

The good news is that the interest you pay on your loans is tax deductible, but the amount of this deduction depends on your income and filing status. It’s also subject to a cap, so the more you can save on interest payments, the more you can reduce your overall student loan debt.

Aside from the student loan interest deduction, there are other ways to reduce the amount of interest you pay. For example, making extra payments, taking advantage of autopay discounts, and refinancing your student loans could all help you pay off your student loan sooner and save money in the long run.

If you are a student, keeping track of your interest payments and other expenses throughout the year is essential. This way, you can ensure that all your deductions are accounted for when it comes time to file your taxes.

You can request a copy of your 1098-E from your loan servicer or download a copy online. Then, you can attach it to your tax return when you file.

Tuition and Other Education Expenses

When you receive a 1098 tax form from your college or university, it reports your total tuition and other education expenses. This amount can be used to claim an education credit or deduction on your tax return. The form also reports any scholarships and grants that you received.

The amounts reported on the 1098 tax form are generally based on an academic period that begins in January through March of the following year. However, there are some exceptions to this rule.

You can find information on the amount of qualified tuition and related education expenses you paid during an academic year by logging in to My ASU. You can see detailed supplemental information on scholarships and grants you received by semester and type of aid.

The amounts you paid may not be shown in Box 1 on your Form 1098 because colleges and universities use different methods for reporting student payments. These methods can vary by school, so it is important to keep your records.

Many schools report a combination of the amount they pay and the amount they bill for qualified tuition and related expenses. This alternate method is called the “billed method.” It can be confusing because it cannot always reflect what you actually paid and can affect your credits and deductions.

The IRS has guidelines for the billed method. These guidelines require that institutions report the total payments made to students versus the total amount of payments billed during an academic year.

In addition, the IRS requires that schools report the billed amount less any reimbursements or refunds paid by students during the same academic year. This is important for determining credits and deductions.

Some students receive a tuition insurance policy reimburses them for expenses if they are forced to withdraw from their classes for unforeseen reasons, such as medical issues or family emergencies. This reimbursed amount will be included in Box 10 of the form.

Other educational expenses that do not qualify for a tax credit include room and board, transportation, books, insurance, computer equipment, and other personal expenses. You can claim these expenses on your 1098 tax form as long as they are directly related to your education and you meet certain eligibility criteria.


The IRS requires charitable organizations to file Form 1098-C whenever they receive a vehicle with a claimed value of more than $500. This form can be used to claim a tax deduction for the fair market value of the donated vehicle.

Similarly, if you have taken out a student loan or mortgage during the year, your lender will also send you a Form 1098-E to report the interest you paid for that loan. This can be a tax deduction up to a limit of $2,500.

In addition, if you have donated to charity in the past, you will probably receive a 1098-C or Form 8283. These forms are designed to help you claim a noncash contribution on your taxes, and they include information about the vehicle donation and the goods and services the organization provided in exchange for it.

You should fill out this form with accurate information. Be sure to enter the date of the donation and its details, including the odometer readings and the vehicle identification number. This will make it easier for you to claim a donation on your taxes.

Check box 5b if you intend to sell the donated vehicle for less than its fair market value or to transfer it to a needy individual in an arms-length transaction. Skip this box if the donation was made for less than $500.

If you have received any goods or services in exchange for the vehicle, be sure to complete Box 6a. If you checked “Yes” in this box, provide an estimate of the value of those goods and services.

Using this form to claim a noncash charitable contribution is a great way to help charities and give back to the community. The tax benefits are well worth preparing and filing this form.

The information you provide on this form can be helpful when calculating your tax return, but keep in mind that the rules are not always consistent and vary by the year. For this reason, it is best to consult with your accountants or financial advisors.


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